• Opening Hour

    Open daily including weekends & Public Holidays.

  • Location

    Jalan Hassan Abas, Teluk Bahang, 11050 Penang

  • Admission Fee

    Free, but need to register at the registration counter.

  • Exploration Time

    3-4 hours

Brief Introduction

Located at the north-western corner of Penang Island, on what resembles the side profile of a face, hence the name Muka Head (“muka” literally means “face”). With 1181 hectares of forest and 1381 hectares of wetlands, the Park’s ecosystem is a diversity of habitats with hills, sandy and rocky beaches, streams and coastal forests – representing much of the natural habitats of Penang.

About Penang National Park

Way back in 1958, the Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve was first proposed as a nature conservation area by a group called the “Committee for the Preservation of Natural Beauty”. Since that time, both nature interest groups and even government reports have proposed that the Reserve be turned into some kind of park and conservation area. The Malaysian Nature Society (MNS) made several representations to the state and federal governments to turn Pantai Acheh into a national park.

It was on 4 April 2003 when Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve was finally declared the Penang National Park by the then deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.

The Penang National Park is the first protected area legally gazetted under the National Park Act of 1980, signifying the State and Federal Governments’ efforts in protecting the environment. It goes without saying that funds will be allocated to develop the Penang National Park, within guidelines. All logging activities stopped since 1996. Part of the Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve had been logged before 1955; none have been logged since.

Flora And Fauna

Secondary forest is the main feature here. The beach is long, and plants are numerous, including rocky bonsai to timber and herbal plants. Trees and plants which can be found here include chengal, meranti seraya, jelutong, gaharu, tongkat ali, and bintangor.

The coast is dominated by disturbed secondary forest and hardy plants, such as screw pines. The red paper-like bark of the pelawan trees are abundant; undergrowth and fernsspread between the trees. Other noticeable trees planted include casuarina trees, sea almond, cashew nut, and swaying coconut palms.

Among animals spotted in and around the park are dolphins, otters, hawksbill turtles, and monkeys. Dusky leaf monkeys and long-tailed macaques have also been sighted.

Home to 46 species of birds such as stork-billed kingfishers, white-breasted waterhens and great egrets.Other noticeable big birds like white bellied sea eagles, brahminy kites, and kingfisher are occasionally reported.

Mammals such as wild boars, wild cats, civets, sea otters, mouse deer, rats, bats, and squirrels and crabs, fishes, and large prawns, monitor lizards, and snakes are common here. Turtles occasionally land in the park.

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